私立中原大學八十九學年度二技進修在職班考試命題紙

科目: 經濟學 考試時間: 7月20日第1節

單選題 (每題5%)
1. 若商品為劣等財, 所得減少, 需求線應該會? (1)右移 (2)左移 (3)不變 (4)不一定。
2. 如果供給彈性為無限大,則需要增加將使? (1)價格下跌 (2)價格上漲 (3)價格不變 (4)交易量減少。
3. 已知需要函數為Q=6-P,供給函數為Q=0.5P,則均衡價格與數量為? (1)P=6,Q=3 (2)P=4,Q=3 (3)P=4,Q=2 (4)P=6,Q=8。
4. 若無異曲線上的邊際替代率為遞減時,則表示無異曲線的形狀為 (1)凹向原點 (2)凸向原點 (3) 不一定 (4)通過兩軸的直線。
5. 當生產規模擴大,所有生產要素的雇用量均成同比例增加時,而總產出增加的比例大於生產要素增加的比例,則為? (1)規模報酬不變 (2)規模報酬遞增 (3)規模報酬遞減 (4)外部規模經濟。
6. 若平均變動成本曲線在邊際成本曲線的上方,則:1)邊際成本遞減 (2)平均變動成本為遞增 (3)邊際成本為遞增 (4)邊際成本可能為遞增或遞減。
7. 一個廠商在完全競爭下,每天的產出能有5000元的總收益,在產出為利潤最大下的產出時,其邊際成本為25元,平均變動成本為10元,則其利潤為? (1)1300元 (2)1500元 (3)1050元 (4)無法知道。
8. 獨佔廠商之所以能夠壟段市場,主要是因為:(1)有進入障礙 (2)沒有潛在的競爭者 (3)規模經濟 (4)以上皆是。
9. 獨佔廠商所面臨的需要函數為P=53-Q,成本結構為AC=MC=5,則獨佔者利潤最大的數量和價格分別為? 1)Q=24,P=29 (2)Q=30,P=60 (3)Q=40,P=60 (4)Q=30,P=30
10. 壟斷性競爭廠商達長期均衡時,下列何者為非? (1)價格=長期平均成本 (2)邊際收入=長期邊際成本 (3) 價格=平均成本 (4) 長期邊際成本= 平均收入。
11. If the CPI in 1998 was 100 and the CPI in 1999 was 115, the rate of inflation was (1) 1.5 percent. (2) 15 percent. (3) 100 percent. (4) 115 percent.
12. Cyclical unemployment is caused by (1) technological change or foreign competition. (2) normal labor market turnover. (3) a slowdown in the rate of economic expansion. (4) irresponsible workers with poor work habits.
13. In Figure 1, new expectations of booming business conditions will (1) shift the investment demand curve leftward. (2) shift the investment demand curve rightward. (3) have no effect on the investment demand curve. (4) cause the investment demand curve to become horizontal.
14. Say that the multiplier is 5.0 and, owing to an increase in expected future profit, investment increases by $30 billion. If potential real GDP is unaffected, in the long run equilibrium real GDP will (1) rise by $50 billion. (2) rise by more than $50 billion. (3) rise by less than $50 billion. (4) not change.
15. In Table 1, the balance sheet, the entries are in millions of dollars for the FBN Bank. If the required reserve ratio on deposits is 10 percent, FBN Bank has required reserves of (1) $700 million. (2) $120 million. (3) $100 million. (4) $0.
16. Your checking account is (1) an asset for you and a liability for your bank. (2) a liability for you and an asset for your bank. (3) an asset for both you and your bank. (4) a liability for both you and your bank.
17. A one-time increase in oil prices without any following change in aggregate demand produces (1) stagflation. (2) demand-pull inflation. (3) an increase in money wages that exceeds the percentage increase in the price level. (4) a one-time fall in the price level.
18. Which of the following examples definitely illustrates an appreciation of the U.S. dollar? (1) The dollar exchanges for 120 francs and then exchanges for 100 francs. (2) The dollar exchanges for 200 yen and then exchanges for 250 yen. (3) The dollar exchanges for 1.2 pounds and then exchanges for 200 yen. (4) None of the above.
19. If the government runs a deficit, the total amount of government debt is (1) increasing. (2) decreasing. (3) constant. (4) zero.
20. In a country with no international trade and lump-sum taxes, if the marginal propensity to consume, MPC= 0.75, the lump-sum transfer multiplier is (1) -3.00. (2) 3.00 (3) 4.00. (4) -0.33.

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